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Nuclear and Radiological National Security
Program

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005
Administered by:

Department of Energy, All Departmental Locations, All DOE Federal Offices
(see all US Federal Agencies)

Explore all postings for this grant program:
  • Original Grant - Mar 31, 2004
Applications Due:

Apr 9, 2004
The application due date is the date a Program Announcement for a financial assistance funding opportunity will be publish on the IIPS and FedGrants.gov web sites.

total funding: Not Available
max award: $250,000
min award: $150,000
cost sharing, matching: No
number of awards: Not Available
type of funding: Other
Description:

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
will solicit applications
for R & D to conduct research and development to enhance U.S. national
security
and reduce the global danger from the proliferation of weapons of mass
destruction and special nuclear materials. It is anticipated that a
funding
opportunity announcement will be released on or about April 9, 2004 and
the
period of performance for awards will be 3 years.

The objective of the funding opportunity announcement will be to advance
the
scientific foundations in physics, engineering, computational modeling,
and
material science to support the nonproliferation research community apos;s

capability to develop new systems and concepts.

The NNSA program administering this funding opportunity announcement for
Fiscal
Year 2004 is the Office of Non-Proliferation Research and Engineering
(NA-22).
The Office of Non-Proliferation Research and Engineering works with the
national laboratories, other U.S. government agencies, universities, and
private industries to reduce threats to national security and world peace
posed
by nuclear weapons proliferation and illicit material trafficking and
assists
in fulfilling U.S. commitments for treaty monitoring through the
development of
technology. The office develops applicable technologies, demonstrates and

validates fieldable prototypes, and, in the treaty monitoring area,
provides
actual operational hardware and software. Most of the technologies
developed
are intended to support the operational needs of other U.S. government
agencies. The office also provides the science and technology base that
enables other DOE national security organizations to accomplish their
missions.

Topical Areas of Interest:

There are four (4) topical areas of interest:
- Detection of shielded fissile materials (in transit and/or storage
configurations).
- Materials and concepts for neutron detection and spectroscopy.
- New sample preparation methods for radiochemical analysis.
- Ultra-low background approaches for ultra-sensitive laboratory detection

systems.

Research applications are sought from Universities for work scopes that
will
produce significant scientific results on detection and/or monitoring
concepts
at the end of three (3) years. A measure of scientific performance must
be
stated in the application and will be a key factor in the selection
process.

Topic Description
1. Detection of Shielded Fissile Material

Applications are sought for either active or passive concepts to
significantly
improve the ability to detect fissile materials in either transit or
storage
scenarios, including when associated with significant shielding materials
Concepts must consider potential interference from other intervening
materials,
the residual effects from commonly available shielding materials, and the
possible interference from explosives.

Applications need not be limited to concepts based on the detection of the

radioactive emissions from these isotopic materials. Alternative
technical
approaches include application of non-nuclear effects such as gravity and
density, coded aperture imaging of emissions, and using cosmic ray-induced

interactions to distinguish fissile material from background.

2. Materials and Concepts for Neutron Detection and Spectroscopy

Applications are sought for materials and concepts for the detection (and

imaging) of neutrons of energies less than 10 MeV. For this purpose,
detection
performance is expected to be similar to current He-3 systems. There is a
need
for detection concepts that can resolve the energies of incident neutrons,

e.g., those associated with photofission reactions of special nuclear
materials.

Technical approaches of interest include those based on nanomaterials and
concepts; scintillators; and large area detectors using organic materials.

3. New Sample Preparation for Radiochemical Analysis

Applications are sought for radiochemistry concepts that can achieve the
performance of mass spectroscopy (MS) yet do not require the sample
preparation
and handling methods typical of MS. The focus is on developing
novel/alternative instrumentation for measurement of trace quantities of
actinide isotopes. Methods of interest are those that do not use
conventional
mass spectrometry instrumentation, optical spectroscopy, or radiation
sensors.
Preference will be given to measurement techniques that can analyze
samples
without creating chemical waste products.

Laser ablation (LA) promises to be a significant technology for accurate
and
sensitive analysis of trace contaminants/impurities in solid samples.
Laser
ablation can be utilized for field or remote analysis by spectroscopically

interrogating a microplasma at the sample surface (e.g. LIBS). Also,
laser
ablation can be utilized with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

(LA-ICP-MS) or Ion-Trap Mass Spectroscopy (ITMS) for ultrasensitive
laboratory
analysis. A benefit of the LA technology is rapid, direct chemical
characterization of solid samples without laborious dissolution
procedures.
Fundamental and applied issues that currently limit the usefulness and
acceptability of LA for routine chemical analyses include fractionation
(during
laser ablation, during aerosol-vapor transfer, and in the ICP), detection
of
ablated atoms/ions, and calibration. Research is needed in these areas to

improve limits of detection, sampling precision, accuracy, matrix
independence,
and calibration strategies. Areas of interest include, but are not
limited to,
short-pulse ablation, wavelength effects, fluence and irradiance,
transport
efficiency, and particle size distribution and optimization.

4. Ultra-Low Background Approaches for Ultra-Sensitive Laboratory
Detection
Systems

There is a growing need for ultra-trace analysis of radioisotopes. The
availability of low-background facilities using mines and other
underground
facilities is constrained. Replacement of these facilities is costly and
not
convenient for long-term research and operational users. Successful
applications will challenge conventional techniques such as use of
pre-World
War II steel and other radioisotope-free construction materials.

Applications are sought for the creative use and design of detector
materials,
combined as needed with shielding concepts, to construct a demonstration
system
for significantly reducing background radioactivity for gamma-ray
spectroscopy. Technical approaches of interest include, but are not
limited
to, those using coincidence counting; advanced electronics, and new
fabrication
techniques for shielding materials.

Additional Information:
Responses will be requested from academic institutions only. NNSA is
restricting eligibility in order to diversify the mix of organizations
working
on the Office of Non-Proliferation Research and Engineering programs.
Currently the main organizations working on these detection programs are
the
NNSA National Laboratories and small businesses. By increasing academia
apos;s role
in meeting its programmatic missions, NA-22 fulfills Congressional
requests to
broaden their sources for their R & D studies, gets a different
perspective at
solving its R & D goals, gets cost effective and integrated
applications for
meeting its R & D goals, increases the number of graduate studies and
graduate
students working on its requirements and diversifies the types of
organizations
working on their programs.
Teaming is not required. Cost sharing/matching is not required.

NNSA reserves the right to fund, in whole or in part, any, all or none of
the
applications and to award without discussions. The topics in this Notice
of
Interest represent the maximum set of topics that may appear in the
funding
opportunity announcement. The final number of topics and awards, however,
are
subject to the availability of funds.

Who can apply:

Eligible functional categories:
Funding Sources:

Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Research

More Information:

Click
here to view the Opportunity

If you have problems accessing the full announcement, please contact: using this
link

If you have problems accessing the full announcement, please contact: Martha Youngblood

Address Info:

PO BOX 5400 Albuquerque, NM

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